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    2020 was a year unlike any other. Companies and businesses of all sizes and governments new and old had to change across all facets, and technology helped manage these changes. Whether it was Blackboard, Zoom, Netflix, or any number of other tools, we relied on technology to help prepare meals, teach our children, collaborate with coworkers, and even entertain ourselves after yet another day at home. Rather than slow us down, 2020 accelerated our shift to a digital world, and I anticipate we won’t go back any time soon. Thanks to this acceleration, from my vantage point, 2021 will be a launchpad for all kinds of change. Here are some of the areas that will be driving it.
    2020年是异乎寻常[yì hū xún cháng]的一年。种种范围的公司和企业以及新老当局都必需在各个方面举行厘革,而技能可以协助应对这些变革。无论是Blackboard,Zoom,Netflix照旧其他很多东西,凯发都依托技能来协助预备饭菜,教凯发的孩子,与同事互助,乃至在******天在家中文娱本人。2020年并没有让凯发加快脚步,反而减速了凯发向数字天下的变化,我估计凯发不会很快归去。得益于这一减速,从我的角度动身,2021年将成为种种厘革的启动板。以下是一些会推进它开展的范畴。
    1. Cloud will be everywhere
    The days of cloud capabilities being centralized in data centers are fast fading. Today, cloud-based applications can help boost the performance of ships at sea, aircraft traversing the sky, and in our cars and homes. Access to the cloud’s compute and storage is also reaching farther—from rural communities and remote wildernesses to near-earth orbit. Practically speaking, the cloud is accessible nearly everywhere—and it’s not just reach that matters, it’s the speed of the connections. For example, 5G extends to the edge of the networks and enables real computational work to be done.
    This matters because tasks can now start to happen where results are needed most. For example, driverless cars become real, you can have more natural conversations with services like Alexa, and factories, homes, and office spaces become increasingly efficient and resilient. And if gaming is your thing, you’ll no longer need to worry about lag hampering your experience and your skills will be at full strength, wherever you are.
    2. The internet of machine learning
    We generate more data in one hour than was created in the entirety of 2000—and more data will be created in the next three years than was created over the past 30. In 2020, whether you’re a data scientist or not, we got a glimpse of this growing data curve as scientific researchers, pharmaceutical companies, governments, and healthcare institutes turned every resource toward developing vaccines, novel treatments, and other means to help the world’s population remain healthy during the pandemic. These efforts required generating and processing vast amounts of data. The only realistic way to handle all the information is to use ingestion and aggregation tools, married to machine learning (ML) models, to help make sense of it. It’s no wonder that ML went mainstream this year.
    In 2021, we’ll see accelerated adoption of ML models across industries and government. In manufacturing, ML will be embedded on production lines, able to spot production anomalies in real-time. In agriculture, ML models will help farmers intelligently manage precious resources, such as soil and water. For parts of the world where small-holder farmers are the majority—for example, across Southeast Asia and Africa—pushing ML models into new applications and collecting data closer to the edge will be revolutionary in helping increase crop yields and find the best price for their effort.
    凯发在一小时内天生的数据要比2000年整年创立的数据更多-将来三年将创立的数据要比已往30年来创立的数据更多。到2020年,无论您是不是数据迷信家,凯发都可以迷信研讨职员,制药公司,当局和医疗机构将每种资源都转向开辟疫苗,新鲜疗法和其他手腕来协助大盛行时期天下人民坚持安康的历程中,这一数据曲线一瞥。这些事情必要天生和处置少量数据。处置一切信息的唯 一实际办法是利用与呆板学习(ML)模子联合利用的提取和汇总东西来协助了解这些信息。难怪ML往年成为主流。
    3. In 2021, pictures, video, and audio will speak more than words
    A few years ago, I talked about the death of the keyboard due to the rapid growth of voice-activated computing and the rise of user interfaces that allow humans to communicate with machines—and with each other—more naturally. In the months and years ahead, I predict that keyboards will continue to phase out in an evolved way.
    In the past year—as we all entered the depths of lock down—we increasingly communicated via audio, video, and images. As a result, the amount of text we consume on our screens is being reduced as we make more use of multimedia to communicate. Companies that want to remain relevant to their customers need to be keenly aware of these changing habits—rather than expecting customers to interact with their products and services through a keyboard, mouse, or other mechanical ways. When it comes to building relationships and transacting with a brand, customers want to do what’s natural to them. Thus, companies should explore this move towards user interfaces like voice, and other forms of audio and video.

    4. Technology will transform our physical worlds as much as our digital worlds
    In 2020 we were introduced to social distancing. As we spaced ourselves out, we had the chance to take stock and rethink how our cities live, breathe, and flow. Many of the places we live and work have been built on decades-old assumptions (or centuries-old, depending on where you live) that don’t hold up anymore—or at the very least, don’t perform well in a pandemic.
    With the help of advanced data analytics, we’ll start to figure out how to design our cities with the advantages of social distancing without the sense of being apart. Our planning will consider how we make our communities healthier and safer, rather than merely denser and more efficient. It’s the true convergence of the digital and the physical.

    5. Remote learning earns its place in education
    Recently, I spoke with high school students in Warsaw, Poland, who use the online learning service Brainly to keep up with their schoolwork and help each other in class. Tools like Brainly have exploded as parents support their kids’ learning in this new remote education reality.
    Technology, and access to it, has played a huge role in children’s education during this pandemic. In 2021, we’ll prove that remote learning can work—and may be a better option for some—and can have a positive and more persistent role in education. We don’t need a global health crisis for online classes to make sense. Having remote schooling (and working) options widely available at any time means that kids can stay home when they’re sick without falling behind. Or what if there’s no school to go to at all? If there’s an internet connection, there’s the possibility for some type of education.
    No question, I think we should send our kids back to classrooms. But there will be other interruptions. Remote classrooms give school systems the flexibility to respond to unforeseen events—whether pandemics, natural disasters, or man-made calamities—to continue student education.
    迩来,我与波兰华沙的高中生举行了攀谈,他们利用在线学习办事Brainly来坚持他们的学业并在讲堂上相互协助。随着怙恃在这种新的近程教诲实际中支持孩子的学习,诸如Brainly之类的东西曾经爆 炸式增加。

    6. Small businesses will race to the cloud, and Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa will lead the way
    In a massive shift, small businesses will begin to make use of advanced cloud technology to reach their customers. We’ll see an explosion of higher-level technologies and service providers that cater to these small businesses. In turn, this will help small business do everything—from spinning up a chatbot to help answer frequently asked questions, to getting a customer relationship management system in place and running within minutes. Small businesses get the benefits of sophisticated architectures and applications without having to invest the time and expense of building it themselves.
    The “cloud everywhere” trend described above is enabling this shift alongside the experience that most small businesses faced this past year. In many cases, the difference between surviving—or not—was an ability to leverage technology. Only 47% of small and medium businesses in the U.S. have their own website. Expect this number to grow in 2021. As this trend expands globally, we should look to nations in Southeast Asia—like Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and Africa, like Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa—to lead the way.
    在一个宏大的变化中,小型企业将开端使用******的云技能来吸引客户。凯发将看到投合这些小型企业的******技能和办事提供商的爆 炸式增加。反过去,这将协助小型企业做一切事变-从创立谈天呆板人以协助答复罕见题目,到创建客户干系办理体系并在几分钟之内运转。小型企业无需庞大的架谈判使用步伐即可受害,而无需破费工夫和******自行构建。

    7. Quantum computing starts to bloom
    We’ve seen time and again, if you can democratize the most advanced, complex technology and make it affordable, available, and understandable to as many people as possible, great things happen. At re:Invent 2019 we announced Amazon Braket, a fully-managed quantum computing service that helps researchers and developers get started with the technology to accelerate research and discovery. And in 2020 we made it available to everyone.
    There’s no question we’re at the early stages of this mind-bending approach to computing, but that’s the point of Braket. It’s especially important in this exploratory time that we let as many people as possible get their hands dirty and their brains wrapped around quantum computing. As companies and institutions begin to experiment with quantum for the first time—and as that expertise starts to move beyond the academic world—we’ll see business plans and the early seeds of products and services that center around a quantum future.
    凯发一次又一次地看到,假如您可以使zui******,zui庞大的技能民主化,并使之可以包袱得起,尽大概多地被人们了解,那么巨大的事变***会产生。在re:Invent 2019上,凯发公布了Amazon Braket,这是一种******托管的量子盘算办事,可协助研讨职员和开辟职员开端利用该技能来减速研讨和发明。到2020年,凯发将其提供应一切人。
    毫无疑问,凯发正处于这种令人隐晦的盘算办法的晚期阶段,但这***是Braket的******。在这个探究性的期间中,分外紧张的是,凯发要让尽大概多的人弄脏双手,让大脑缠住量子盘算。随着公司和机构第 一次开端实验量子技能,而且随着专业知识开端逾越学术范畴,凯发将看到围绕量子将来的贸易方案以及产品和办事的晚期种子。

    8. The final frontier...
    For technology to help everyone around the world live a better life, we shouldn’t go out and around the world as much as we should go up and above it.
    In 2019, we launched a service called AWS Ground Station. It enables the ability to control satellite communications, process data, and scale operations without having to worry about building or managing a ground station infrastructure. We’re already seeing the ability to access and process satellite data helping researchers track glacial recession, maritime agencies protect vulnerable marine reserves, and agronomists better predict food supply. Startups are looking to establish a new breed of fast, secure networks in outer space. By making access to space affordable and accessible to every developer, I’m looking forward to seeing the innovations that come back down to earth and help us grow and prosper
    在2019年,凯发推出了一项名为AWS Ground Station的办事。它具有控制卫星通讯,处置数据和扩展操纵的才能,而不用担忧创建或办理空中站底子办法。凯发曾经看到了拜访和处置卫星数据的才能,这些才能可以协助研讨职员追踪冰川的阑珊,海事机构掩护软弱的陆地掩护区以及农学家可以更好地展望粮食供给。首创企业盼望在太空中创建一种新型的疾速,宁静的网络。经过使每位开辟职员都能包袱得起并取得******公道的空间利用权,我等待看到扎根于空中的创新技能,并协助凯发发展和昌盛。